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Sikhs Gathering at Akal Takht Marks 40 Years of June 1984 “Teeja Ghallughara”

June 6, 2024 | By

Amritsar: Sikhs around the world commemorated the 40th anniversary of Teeja Ghallughara — June 1984 attack by the Indian Army on Darbar Sahib in Amritsar, Akal Takht Sahib, and over 70 other Gurdwaras across Punjab. 

A view of Gathering at Akal Takht Sahib

The 40th anniversary of Teeja Ghallughara was observed through the annual “Ghallughara Samagam” held at Akal Takht Sahib, where Sikh sangat and representatives of various Sikh organizations congregated in large numbers.



Another view of Gathering at Akal Takht Sahib

The commemoration began with the Bhog of Akhand Paath of Sri Guru Granth Sahib at Akal Takht Sahib, followed by recitations of Gurbani Kirtan and Ardas. Giani Raghbir Singh, the SGPC-appointed Jathedar of Akal Takht Sahib, delivered a speech reflecting on Sikh history, from the era of Sarkar-e-Khalsa to the struggle against British colonial rule in Punjab and India, the partition of Punjab in 1947, and the subsequent deceit faced by Sikhs from Indian leadership.

He highlighted various Sikh movements for self-recognition and self-governance in India such as the peaceful struggle for Punjabi Suba, the Dharam Youdh Morcha of 1982-1984, the tragic events of Teeja Ghallughara in June 1984, and the Sikh genocide of November 1984. Giani Raghbir Singh also acknowledged the Sikh militant struggle of the 1980s-1990s and condemned the mass atrocities and human rights abuses committed against Sikhs by the Indian state.

In his address, he urged the youth to uphold the ideals and ethos of Sikhism and to live their lives accordingly. 

Speaking to the Sikh Siyasat News (SSN) on the sidelines of the Ghallughara Samagam, Bhai Daljit Singh said: “[t]hroughout Sikh history, the Guru Khalsa Panth has strived to dismantle all oppressive structures and establish begampura-halemi raj (a just society-polity) according to the circumstances and realities of every era. Gurmukhs (Guru-oriented beings) of the Khalsa have dominated various battlefields and attained shahadat (martyrdom) to achieve this divine objective across time and space. The ‘Battle of Amritsar’ during ghallughara June 1984 and the shaheedi of Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his jujharoos epitomized the enduring legacy of the Guru Khalsa Panth in contemporary times”.

The Samagam was attended by prominent figures including the SGPC president and various members, representatives Panth Sewak Collective of organizations such as Dal Khalsa, Sikh Youth of Punjab, Shiromani Akali Dal Amritsar (Mann), Shiromani Akali Dal (Badal), Sikh Youth Federation Bhindranwale, Sikh Youth Power of Punjab, Panth Sewak Jatha Majha, Lakhi Jangal Khalsa Jatha, Sikh Jatha Malwa, Panth Sewak Jatha Doaba, and others.

The event served as a moment of reflection, remembrance, and solidarity, reaffirming the Sikh community’s commitment to preserving its history, culture, and identity while advocating for justice and freedom.

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